Meningitis symptoms

12 Meningitis Symptoms and Rashes


Meningitis is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation of the protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. These membranes are known as the meninges. Meningitis can be caused by various factors, including viral, bacterial, or fungal infections. It is considered a medical emergency and requires immediate attention and treatment.

Prevention of meningitis can be achieved through vaccinations. Vaccines are available for certain types of bacteria that commonly cause meningitis, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitis, and Haemophiles influenza. It is important to follow recommended vaccination schedules to reduce the risk of contracting meningitis.

It is important to note that the treatment and management of meningitis depend on the specific cause. The symptoms of meningitis can vary but often include severe headache, neck stiffness, high fever, sensitivity to light (photophobia), nausea, vomiting, and altered mental status. In infants, symptoms may also include a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the baby’s head), poor feeding, and irritability.

If meningitis is suspected, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Diagnosis typically involves a combination of physical examination, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (obtained through a lumbar puncture), and other laboratory tests. Treatment depends on the cause of meningitis but often includes hospitalization, intravenous antibiotics or antiviral medications, pain relief, and supportive care.

Meningitis Symptoms

The symptoms of meningitis can vary depending on the age of the affected individual and the cause of the infection. The following are common symptoms associated with meningitis:

  1. High Fever: Fever is a common symptom of meningitis, and it is often one of the first signs. The body’s natural response to infection is to increase its temperature.
  2. Severe Headache: Meningitis is often accompanied by a severe headache that may be persistent or worsen over time. The headache can be throbbing or pounding in nature.
  3. Stiff Neck: Neck stiffness is a classic symptom of meningitis. The inflammation of the meninges can cause pain and limited mobility in the neck, making it difficult to touch the chin to the chest.
  4. Photophobia: Sensitivity to light, known as photophobia, is another common symptom. People with meningitis often find bright lights or even normal indoor lighting uncomfortable and may prefer to be in dark or dimly lit rooms.
  5. Nausea and Vomiting: Meningitis can cause nausea and vomiting, which may be accompanied by a loss of appetite. These symptoms can be severe and persistent.
  6. Altered Mental Status: Meningitis can affect mental function, leading to confusion, irritability, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. In severe cases, it can progress to seizures or loss of consciousness.
  7. Skin Rash: Certain types of meningitis, particularly meningococcal meningitis, can cause a distinctive skin rash. This rash may appear as small, red or purple spots or larger patches. The rash may not fade when pressed with a glass or a finger.
  8. Other Symptoms: Other symptoms that can occur with meningitis include muscle and joint pain, rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat, cold hands and feet, and in infants, bulging fontanelles (soft spots on the baby’s head), poor feeding, and irritability.

Meningitis Types

There are different types of meningitis, classified based on the cause:

  1. Viral Meningitis: This type of meningitis is caused by viral infections. It is the most common form of meningitis and is usually less severe than bacterial meningitis. Enteroviruses, such as coxsackieviruses and echoviruses, are the most common viruses that cause viral meningitis. Other viruses, including herpesviruses, mumps virus, and influenza virus, can also lead to viral meningitis.
  2. Bacterial Meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is a more severe form of meningitis that is caused by bacterial infections. It is considered a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. The bacteria that commonly cause bacterial meningitis include:a. Streptococcus pneumoniae: This bacterium is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in adults and the most common cause of meningitis in infants.b. Neisseria meningitidis: This bacterium is responsible for meningococcal meningitis, which can cause outbreaks in crowded environments like college campuses or military barracks.c. Haemophilus influenzae: Before the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine, this bacterium was a common cause of meningitis in young children. However, the incidence has significantly decreased due to widespread vaccination.d. Listeria monocytogenes: This bacterium primarily affects newborns, pregnant women, and individuals with weakened immune systems. It is usually acquired through contaminated food.e. Other bacteria: Other bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, Group B Streptococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus, can also cause meningitis, particularly in specific age groups or individuals with certain risk factors.
  3. Fungal Meningitis: Fungal meningitis is a relatively rare type of meningitis caused by fungal infections. Fungi such as Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida species are common culprits. Fungal meningitis typically affects individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or organ transplant recipients.
  4. Parasitic Meningitis: Parasitic infections can also lead to meningitis, although they are uncommon. Examples include the parasite Naegleria fowleri, which is found in warm freshwater environments and can cause a rare and often fatal form of meningitis called primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM).

Meningitis  diet

Meningitis Diet

When it comes to meningitis, maintaining a healthy diet is important to support overall health and aid in recovery. However, there is no specific diet for meningitis itself. The focus should be on eating a well-balanced, nutritious diet that supports the immune system and provides the necessary nutrients for healing. Here are some general dietary recommendations:

  1. Stay Hydrated: It is important to stay hydrated, especially if there is a fever or increased sweating. Drink plenty of fluids, including water, herbal teas, and clear broths, to maintain hydration.
  2. Eat Nutrient-Rich Foods: Include a variety of nutrient-rich foods in your diet to support your immune system and promote healing. This includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Aim for a balanced diet that includes a mix of different food groups.
  3. Focus on Anti-inflammatory Foods: Inflammation is a common symptom of meningitis, and consuming anti-inflammatory foods may help reduce inflammation. Examples of anti-inflammatory foods include fatty fish (such as salmon and tuna), nuts, seeds, olive oil, leafy greens, berries, and turmeric.
  4. Include Protein: Protein is important for tissue repair and immune function. Include lean sources of protein such as chicken, fish, tofu, legumes, and dairy products (if tolerated) in your meals.
  5. Consume Antioxidant-Rich Foods: Antioxidants help protect the body’s cells from damage caused by inflammation. Include foods rich in antioxidants, such as berries, citrus fruits, dark leafy greens, colorful vegetables (like bell peppers and tomatoes), and nuts.
  6. Avoid Excessive Sugar and Processed Foods: High intake of sugar and processed foods can weaken the immune system and promote inflammation. Limit the consumption of sugary snacks, sodas, processed meats, and fried foods.
  7. Consider Vitamin D: Adequate vitamin D levels are important for immune function. If you have limited sun exposure or are deficient in vitamin D, talk to your healthcare provider about supplementation options.
  8. Individual Needs and Preferences: Everyone’s nutritional needs can vary, so it’s essential to consider individual preferences, any dietary restrictions or allergies, and consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized guidance.

Remember to eat only fresh vegetables and seasonal fruits that we get directly from mother earth. 

However, in order to avoid the fruit’s negative effects, it is always best to consume it in moderation. Nothing in excessive amounts is healthy for our health.


Here we have discussed the Top 15 Meningitis side effects along with causes, prevention and symptoms. Practice eating healthy food & try to make at home as far as possible as it results to stay fit and healthy. Remember to eat more vegetables and homemade foods and eat fewer junk foods and practice yoga and visit yoga page.

You may also go through weight gain safely for more details to gain weight healthily and can try out tasty recipe page if interested.


Where does meningitis usually start?

Bacterial meningitis or infection usually starts in the respiratory tract. In a child, it may first cause a cold, sinus infection, or ear infection. It can then go into the bloodstream and reach the brain and spinal cord and if severe may lead to long-term complications or death

What is the early stage of meningitis?

A high temperature (fever) being sick. a headache, rashes sometimes, vomiting and heart pain are the early stage of meningitis.

Is meningitis very serious?

Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning and result in permanent damage to the brain or nerves. Kindly take vaccinations and proper medication that offer some protection against meningitis.

What is the main cause of meningitis?

Main cause of meningitis are  viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is the most common and least serious type. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be very serious if not treated.

How can I test for meningitis at home?

Press the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.
Spots/rash may fade at first.
Keep checking.
Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.
Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

How can I prevent meningitis?

Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best protection against meningococcal disease. Maintaining healthy habits, like getting plenty of rest and not having close contact with people who are sick, also helps and drink lots of water.

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

The back of your neck, behind your skull, that you may be able to feel. Neck pain from meningitis can be accompanied by a feeling of tenderness or soreness in the affected area and also persistent headache.

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