Benefits of Bitter Gourd

10 Bitter Gourd Benefits and Side effects


Here are the amazing Bitter Gourd Benefits and side effects that you will be then start eating this vegetable. It is also known as Karela in Hindi and Asian countries. Bitter gourd is high in vitamin C, which aids in the healing of wounds and is essential for growth and development. Bitter gourd contains vitamins A and beta-carotene, which are good for our eyes and improve vision.

Juice from the fruit Momordica charantia, also referred to as bitter melon, is used to make bitter gourd juice. Its name is derived from how the word “bitter melon” is pronounced in Indian languages.

Bitter Gourd Benefits

Bitter Gourd Benefits (Karela)

Detoxifies Liver

Bitter gourd detoxifies the liver and is good for it. Because it reduces alcohol deposits in the liver, it boosts liver enzymes and is a great hangover cure. Consuming it is also healthy for the intestines and bladder.

Prevents Cancer

It fights the immune system and guards against infections and allergies. The fact that it eradicates cancer is its main benefit. It suppresses the expansion of cancer cells and stops the growth of tumours. Consuming bitter gourds significantly lowers the risk of breast, colon, and prostate cancer.

Improves Heart Health

LDL (bad cholesterol) is reduced by bitter gourd, which also reduces the risk of heart attack. The fibre also helps to clear clogged arteries.

Heals wounds

It has potent anti-inflammatories and anti-cancer properties. It controls blood flow and coagulation, which speeds up wound healing and lowers infection rates.

Helps in blood purification

It has a high content of antioxidants, which helps treat a number of illnesses linked to contaminated blood. Regular use of bitter gourds helps with cancer, hair, and skin problems. Additionally, it helps to increase blood circulation.

Rich in Fibre and Antioxidants

They are also useful for treating dark circles. Bitter gourd, being a high source of antioxidants, flavonoids, and other polyphenol components, may assist to lower your chances for a variety of health advantages.
It has a high antioxidant concentration, which aids in the treatment of various diseases associated with tainted blood.

One of the healthiest vegetables in the world is the bitter gourd. It can be ingested as a vegetable, pickle, or juice and is high in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.

Cures Diabetes

Additionally, a variety of other substances in karela juice may support the preservation and even repair of cells in your pancreas, the organ in charge of producing insulin. Improved blood sugar control and a decreased risk of diabetes are implied by lower HbA1c readings.

Maintains Blood Sugar levels

Three main substances—polypeptide-p, charantin, and vicine—have been shown to have effects on lowering blood sugar levels. It is believed that polypeptide-p functions similarly to insulin, a vital hormone that helps control blood sugar by encouraging the uptake of sugar from the blood into cells and tissues.

Good for Skin & Hair

It reduces ageing and fights acne and skin blemishes. It is useful in treating various skin infections like ringworm, psoriasis, and itching. Karela juice adds luster to the hair and combats dandruff, hair loss, and split-ends.

Side effects of Bitter Gourd

Miscarriage may happen

If consumed in excess, bitter gourd may have emmenagogue (an increase in menstrual flow) and abortifacient effects. Contraction may also be brought on by it. It is not advised for lactating ladies to consume excessive amounts of bitter gourds. Less scientific research is, however, readily available in this area. So it is best to speak with a doctor.

May affect the Liver

The liver is not specifically harmed by bitter gourd. Bitter gourd consumption over an extended period of time may increase liver enzyme levels and cause atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).

May affect Heart health

The blood pools on one side of the heart when the heart rhythm becomes abnormal. This could lead to the platelets creating clots in the pool, which would then result in a heart attack or stroke.

Would not go with medication or drugs

Bitter gourd may significantly reduce blood sugar levels when combined with prescription medications. Dangerously low blood sugar levels could result from this.

Before consuming bitter gourd, diabetics who are on medication should speak with their doctors.
Long-term consumption of bitter gourd may cause liver inflammation. Monorcharins, a class of chemicals found in the vegetable, may be to blame for this. The gourd’s excessive consumption has led to liver problems.

Kidney problems may occur

Bitter gourd if consumed in excess may affect renal function. Studies on mice indicate that the administration of bitter melon up to 4000 mg/kg is safe and had no influence on the kidney function of the animals. Consuming bitter gourd in excess (or in excess of the prescribed dosage) may result in renal troubles.

Vomiting And Diarrhea

Due of its toxicity, bitter gourd can make you sick and make you feel ill. Cucurbitacins, which are tetracyclic triterpenoid chemicals found in bitter gourd, are poisonous. Excessive ingestion of bitter gourd juice in mice experiments was discovered to cause toxicity.

Could Lead to Hypoglycemic Coma

A type of coma brought on by very high insulin injection doses is known as a hypoglycemic coma. This could result in a sharp drop in blood sugar levels. According to case studies, eating bitter gourd may cause a hypoglycemic coma and the beginning of atrial fibrillation, an irregular heart rhythm.


There are a few precautions to follow when drinking bitter gourd juice:

While some people like the bitter flavour of karela juice, others could find it offensive.
Furthermore, consuming too much of this juice may be dangerous because it may cause diarrhoea, upset stomach, and stomach pain. However, there isn’t much scientific evidence to determine how much is safe to consume, and since the long-term effects aren’t known, it might not be appropriate for everyone.

The bitter gourd extract may have an influence on your endocrine system, which controls hormones and reproduction, therefore people with diabetes and those taking medication should consult their doctor before starting a karela juice course.

Bitter gourd might have side effects if used in excess for a long time. Additionally, it could drastically drop blood sugar levels and interact with several medications.

Additionally, the bitter gourd’s monorcharins may cause liver inflammation. Therefore, continuing excessive use is to be avoided. To benefit from this vegetable, though, be sure to consume it in moderation.

Remember to eat only fresh vegetables and seasonal fruits that we get directly from mother earth. 

However, to avoid the fruit’s negative effects, it is always best to consume it in moderation. Nothing in excessive amounts is healthy for our health.


Here we have discussed the 10 Bitter Gourd Benefits and Side effects of Karela , diet, properties, advantages and disadvantages. One should follow and eat fruits even in their busy schedule to stay fit and healthy. Remember to eat more vegetables and homemade foods and eat fewer junk foods and for tasty recipes visit.

You may also go through weight gain safely for more details to gain weight healthily.


Can bitter gourd be eaten raw?

Yes, raw bitter gourd can be eaten. However, the bitter taste will be overbearing. This is why many people choose to prepare fresh green juice by combining it with other veggies. Carrots, apples, and other naturally sweet taste fruits or vegetables can be be added to this drink.

How much bitter gourd is safe to eat?

Bitter gourd’s upper intake limit has not yet been established. There is almost no information available on the toxicity of this fruit in humans. Recent research has found bitter gourd to exhibit herb-drug interactions. As a result, we recommend that you stick to the serving size recommended by your healthcare professional.

What are the bitter gourd side effects?

The disadvantage’s are, may cause diarrhea, vomiting, and other intestinal issues.
May cause vaginal bleeding, contractions, and abortion.
May be dangerous as lowering of blood sugar if taken with insulin.
May damage damage and may cause favism (which can cause anemia) in those with G6PD deficiency.

What are the karela / bitter gourd benefits?

Bitter gourd is high in vitamin C, which aids in the healing of wounds and is essential for growth and development. Bitter gourd contains vitamins A and beta-carotene, which are good for our eyes and improve vision.
They are also useful for treating dark circles. Bitter gourd, being a high source of antioxidants, flavonoids, and other polyphenol components, may assist to lower your chances for a variety of health advantages.

Can we drink bitter gourd juice daily?

Yes, until you face any discomfort. If you are using bitter gourd juice as a remedy, it is best to consume it twice a week for maximum bitter gourd juice benefits. Diabetics are advised to consume at least 30-50ml of bitter gourd juice daily for the best disease management.

What happens if you eat bitter gourd everyday?

Karela contains a high concentration of antioxidants, which aids in the treatment of numerous blood-related issues. Bitter gourd use on a regular basis improves skin, hair, and cancer concerns. It also aids in the improvement of blood circulation. But it is hot for our body depending on body type so if you get loose motion, ulcers or any discomfort then kindly consult doctor.

What diseases can bitter gourd cure?

Bitter gourd has antioxidant and antibacterial characteristics that aid in the expulsion of toxins from our blood and liver as well as the healing of various liver ailments. Bitter melon promotes our gut health and addresses a variety of intestinal ailments, including constipation and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Who should not take bitter gourd?

Bitter gourd, in particular, has been related to diarrhoea, vomiting, and stomach pain. It is also not suggested for pregnant women because the long-term consequences on health have not been well investigated.

Why we should not eat bitter gourd in night?

Eating bitter gourd at night may lead to digestive issues, such as bloating, cramps, and diarrhoea. Bitter gourd is high in dietary fiber which can slow down digestion in some people. Furthermore, it has a laxative effect on the stomach and intestines causing indigestion or heartburn.

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